Huge thanks to Helen Hardy from HMRC for writing this guest post. Helen has worked in the team managing businesslink.gov.uk since January 2009, and she writes here about the evolution of businesslink.gov.uk and what the site's closure means to the team.
Much has been written here and elsewhere about Directgov, but today, with thanks to GDS for inviting me, I want to talk about GOV.UK’s other predecessor, businesslink.gov.uk, which came to its contractual end yesterday.
In the beginning
Businesslink.gov.uk was launched by the Small Business Service in 2004, to support the network of Business Link face-to-face advisors established during the 1990s. Over time, it evolved to become the primary government support and information channel for businesses – a remit set by Sir David Varney’s Service Transformation report in 2006.
In 2007, HM Revenue & Customs took on the management of those websites and the change programme that saw the merger of content and services from 174 sites into business-focused and user tested navigational ‘themes’. This was completed in 2011, when the face-to-face service closed in November that year.
The Business Link family
The use of the word ‘websites’ above is not a typo – Business Link online was a family of sites consisting of regional elements and distinctly branded and localised sites for each of the devolved administrations. This family also welcomed new arrivals over time, including major services such as the Contracts Finder; the ability for UK and EU businesses to apply electronically for licences from central and local government; and a ‘behind the scenes’ Enterprise Finance Guarantee reporting service used by banks.
So Business Link has always been a highly cooperative endeavour – between off- and online; regional, devolved and national; a vast range of government stakeholders, contractors and partners who have helped to create the content and services; and most recently with GDS.
Replacing Business Link involved far more than migrating a family of websites, which was the main stated objective. This brings me on to the subject of users.
Businesses as users
Change in how government has delivered support and information to businesses over time reflects the change in user behaviour and expectations. For example, businesslink.gov.uk saw a huge increase in the volume of users, as well as increased use of search engines to get people directly to the services they need.
Of course, digital services for ‘businesses’ are really digital services for individuals who are looking for simple, clear and fast interaction with government. And yet there are some significant differences in how those individuals approach government when they have their ‘business’ hat on.
Business people who use government websites are likely to do so frequently. As a citizen I may need to interact with government once a year or less, for example to sort out my car tax or passport. My appetite for looking at anything else when I'm there is likely to be pretty low. As a business user though, I may need to browse a site to find out about my options and obligations when starting up. I am likely to return regularly to carry out transactions, such as filing various tax returns, or to find out what I need to do when taking on new employees. Although I may be happy to find a straightforward answer, I may also want to check out specific details to suit my circumstances. All of which means that my journey through the site and the links I choose to follow are equally as important as the page I land on first.
Through feedback and research, users often told us that they rated businesslink.gov.uk content very highly. Good search results saved them substantial time and money. However complexity, alongside rapidly ageing technology and design, were proving costly and making it harder for the sites to meet user needs.
A step towards better services
Our ability to deliver better digital services for businesses is dependent on technology and so it was the right time to move to GOV.UK’s new, open source platform to increase flexibility and reduce costs. As the lead for businesslink.gov.uk strategy it has long been my ambition to see how digital services for business will develop on GOV.UK. It has been a great pleasure to work with GDS on those first, critical steps.
Etienne Pollard at GDS has described the enormous task of analysing user needs, which included all the information and data on businesslink.gov.uk . If there’s one thing I've learned when bringing citizen and business content together, it is to remember that the needs of business users are distinctly different. Although businesslink.gov.uk has closed, the responsibility to understand and meet user needs, and the links between those of us who do so, has not. Here's to the next (business) link in the chain.
HMRC Business Link Strategy and Communications